Are you a fresh cosmetology graduate preparing for your board exam? Are you still confused about what face serums are and how they differ from moisturizers? We understand your woes of memorizing all those beauty products.
But you don’t actually need to memorize them all. Here’s a little secret before you take your board exam: test your knowledge first with some best cosmetology practice tests.
These tests are designed to prepare board takers for the actual exams. They consist of questions that are based on previous cosmetology exams. This way, you’ll be prepared for whatever questions appear in the next examinations. In addition to this, you can also identify which areas you need to study.
Or maybe you’re new to the beauty industry. You’re probably confused with the different kinds of skincare products. What is a face serum? What does it do to your skin? And because you’re new, you can’t decide which face serum you need to use.
Either way, we’re here to help you out! In this article, we will discuss what face serums are and why it is important to your skin. Additionally, we will also explain the common ingredients used in face serums, and how to choose the best serum for you.
Face Serum: What is It?
Face serums are like moisturizers in the sense that they also keep your skin hydrated, The difference is that they don’t have the same level of effect as moisturizers have. In contrast to this, face serums have more active chemicals like hyaluronic acid and vitamin C than moisturizers.
Estheticians recommend them to treat particular skin problems like wrinkles. They are also the best product to use for layering because they are thinner than moisturizers. But it doesn’t mean you can disregard moisturizers and replace them with face serums.
Unlike popular beliefs, they both go hand in hand.
It’s even scientifically proven that a combination of serum and moisturizer enhances the moisturizing effect. You just have to apply the serum first before the moisturizer. What happens is that the serum will provide the skin some active ingredients, and the moisturizer will seal the serum in.
What are the Common Ingredients Used?
Even if you’re not a cosmetologist, you still need to be aware of the common ingredients used in face serums. Later in the article, you’ll learn how these ingredients will help you choose what serum you should use.
With that being said, here are the typical ingredients you’ll find in face serums.
- Antioxidants – If you look at anti-aging serums, you’ll find ingredients such as vitamin C. These are antioxidants and they help in protecting skin cells from any damages. These damages are caused by free radicals because they speed up the aging process. Additionally, antioxidants also shield the skin from sun damage.
- Anti-inflammatory agents – Ingredients such as aloe vera and zinc are examples of anti-inflammatory agents. They help the skin in keeping its natural color and avoid inflammatory cell damage. If the skin is prone to red patches, it’s best to put on serums with these ingredients.
- Hydrating ingredients – The skin tends to get dry especially when you’re outside. To prevent this from happening, you need to look out for hydrating ingredients in your products. Fortunately, face serums have these. They include amino acids and ceramides. Hydrating agents help keep the skin moisturized throughout the day.
What Do Face Serums Do to Skin?
Using face serum offers you a wide variety of advantages, such as hydration, moisturizer, and soothing effects. The best thing? These effects happen all at once!
If this interests you, read on to find out why you need to include face serums in your skincare routine.
1. Help Moisturize the Skin
Remember the saying, “Drinking 8-10 glasses a day helps your skin stay hydrated”? It’s true. Drinking this amount of water can help moisturize and smoothen the skin.
But most people can’t keep up with drinking 8-10 glasses of water a day.
In that case, face serums can solve their problems. Hydrating ingredients in face serums such as hyaluronic acid help lock in moisture. This results in soft and smooth skin. People with extremely dry skin should include hydrating serums in their skincare routine.
2. Reduce Skin Irritation and Inflammation
People with sensitive skin often experience redness, rash, irritation, and itching after a few minutes under the sun. Most of the time, a moisturizer alone won’t do the job. If you want to address skin inflammation and irritation, you should also use face serum.
With their anti-inflammatory ingredients, a serum helps soothe and treat skin irritations like rash and burning. And because it hydrates the skin, applying a serum every day can decrease irritation caused by dryness.
3. Slow Down the Aging Process
As we grow older, our skin, of course, ages with us. But even at such a very young age, wrinkles, fine lines, and crow’s feet appear. When that happens, the anti-aging serum helps.
As the name suggests, this kind of serum prevents signs of aging from appearing. It’s because face serums are packed with antioxidants and active ingredients that repair and revitalize skin cells. In return, you’ll have healthy-looking, and vibrant skin, free of blemishes.
Experienced estheticians recommend the use of face serums at night. Leaving the serum overnight can help the skin regain its natural radiance. Some face serums contain collagen-boosting substances such as green tea and argan oil. These ingredients help soften the skin.
4. Help Reduce the Size of Pores
Large, visible pores are a common feature of oily skin, and they can be very annoying. To minimize their sizes, you can use a face serum. It helps by shrinking the pores and increasing cell turnover.
Serums have antioxidant and exfoliating acids. These ingredients help unclog and remove dirt and sebum from the pores. This prevents blackheads and whiteheads from forming on the skin.
As compared to thick creams and gels, serums don’t clog up the pores. If the pores are large and visible, you can use a mild serum with an exfoliating ingredient. This can tighten the pores and make them less noticeable.
5. Absorbed Easily Into the Skin
In terms of viscosity, moisturizers are thicker than face serums. That’s why most of the time, users often experience dry skin immediately after applying moisturizer to their face. Since face serums are lighter and thinner, they are easily absorbed by the skin.
6. Quick and Visible Results
Beauty products can take a long time for their effects to show. With face serums, you’ll get the results faster, and they’re more visible. This is because face serums have a high concentration of ingredients and are easily absorbed in the skin.
Different Serums Affect Different Skin Type
Now that you know why face serums are important, you’re probably excited to go to your local drugstore. But we’re going to stop you for a moment there.
Choosing the best face serum for you means that you are aware of your skin type. Specific serums can address your skin concerns, such as having oily or textured skin. There are options where professionals can determine the right serum for you after answering a questionnaire. Such is the case when you apply the Atolla system.
But, you can also pick your face serum. In this case, we have listed below the appropriate serum for different skin types.
- For glowing skin, you should look for serums that contain vitamin C, retinol, hyaluronic acid, and peptides.
- If you have dry skin, you need a face serum that retains moisture. Ingredients such as vitamin E, vitamin C, and hyaluronic acid do the job.
- Some skin tends to be sensitive. In this case, you should avoid products that trigger irritation. Serums with vitamin C can help you out on this, but you should be careful with this. Pick a product with Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate instead of L-Ascorbic Acid. Other than that, hyaluronic acid and peptides are also good choices.
- If you have oily skin, then you should pick a face serum with vitamin C, retinol, or hyaluronic acid. These ingredients can balance out the natural oil that your skin produces.
Face serums are important skincare products used to moisturize the skin. They are easily absorbed by the skin, which makes it better to apply them after cleansing. Additionally, they boost the effects of moisturizers.
Serums come in a variety of forms, each with its unique purpose and ingredients. Some work to brighten your skin or eliminate blemishes, while some focus on hydration or anti-aging.
Professionals should understand what face serums are and why they are used. This guides them in treating their patients with certain skin problems. On the other hand, non-professional individuals should also know these facts. The ingredients will help them choose what kind of face serum they need for the type of skin they have.
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