4 Common Eye Conditions in Children

Common Eye Conditions in Children

Is there something wrong with my child’s eyes?

Several types of common eye conditions affect young children. No need to worry; most pediatric eye conditions are easy to treat. But, every parent should be aware of various common eye conditions that may affect their children.

Here are four common eye conditions in children.

1. Astigmatism-Farsightedness-Nearsightedness

Poor eyesight can be hard to detect in young children. However, if the issues are not treated quickly, the conditions can become worse. The cause of astigmatism and poor eyesight is refractive errors. These errors stem from the abnormalities in the eyes’ surface that prevent light from being focused on the retina.

So, why is my child’s vision getting worse? Genetics and other factors definitely play a role in worsening eyesight. See your doctor to prevent further progression of these conditions.

These three conditions are prevalent in children and are easily corrected with glasses or contacts. Glasses for children can significantly help correct these conditions.

2. Strabismus

Strabismus, or squint, refers to turned eyes, crossed eyes, or lazy eyes. Strabismus may be noticeable all the time, or it can come and go. These conditions usually begin at birth, but the turned eye cannot develop normally if not treated.

Unfortunately, this eye condition is not something that your child can grow out of. Your eye doctor will likely prescribe your child a combination of glasses, exercises, patching, or in some cases, surgery.

3. Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is commonly referred to as ‘pink eye’ and is very common in children, especially at school age. There are three types of conjunctivitis: bacterial, viral, or allergic.

The cause of bacterial conjunctivitis is bacteria that enter the eye. Pink eye is the inflammation of the membrane that covers the white part of your eyeball. Symptoms are redness, itchiness, tearing, gritty feeling, and discharge. It is best to see a doctor to treat bacterial conjunctivitis as it can cause serious damage.

Viral conjunctivitis is caused by many common viruses, like the cold, and does not need medication to treat the condition. In comparison, the cause of allergic conjunctivitis is common irritants.

4. Eye Allergies

Eye allergies are prevalent in children, especially when they become toddlers and have much curiosity. The cause of eye allergies includes dander, plants, pollen, mold, and other pollutants.

Your child’s eyes will appear dry, red, irritated, or swollen. Oftentimes, children’s eyes will also water. Remove any irritants from places your child plays or sleeps. Also, there are other treatments available like antihistamines, decongestants, or eye drops.

If your child experiences severe reactions to various allergens, a treatment option may include immunotherapy. During an immunotherapy treatment, your doctor will inject your child with small amounts of allergens to build up immunity against them.

Eye Conditions in Children

Although these conditions are common, it is best to see a pediatric eye doctor to ensure your child’s condition is treated effectively. The most important factor in treating these conditions is to prevent any further damage to your child’s eyes.

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4 Common Eye Conditions in Children

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