As people age, the decline in physical coordination may cause the elderly to have an unstable gait. Gait refers to a person’s manner of walking. Unsteady gait refers to the inflexible movement of walking, and legs open very wide when walking, or when walking people cannot walk in a straight line. They might suddenly go left and right and the upper limbs do not swing back and forth regularly. Carefully observe the posture of the elderly when they are standing and walking, as well as the coordination of the upper and lower limbs to achieve early detection and early treatment. Here are some useful tips for the elderly to walk stably.
1. Proper and Rational Diet
Many diseases can cause unstable walking, such as cervical spondylitis, lumbar spondylosis, cerebrovascular diseases, ear diseases accompanied by tinnitus and visual rotation, and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. Lack of Vitamin B12 not only causes anemia but also causes spinal cord diseases such as spinal deformity, resulting in symptoms such as weakness of the lower limbs and unstable walking. Some old people lack vitamin B12 due to improper eating habits, such as eating too lightly, or avoiding meat and fish, preferring vegetarian food, etc.
2. Appropriate Exercises
Among all the factors that cause abnormal gait of the elderly, neurological diseases are the most common reason, such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, peripheral neuropathy, spinal cord diseases, etc., which may lead to unstable gait. If the elderly walk without leaving the ground, wipe the ground and lean forward, they may fall to the ground easily. So It is vitally important for the elderly to do exercises regularly. Exercise can improve the brain function of the elderly, delay the decline of function, and play an important role in preventing Alzheimer’s disease. It can also improve the ability of the bones, joints, and muscular system of the elderly, and delay osteoporosis and degenerative bone and joint diseases unique to the elderly, which can make the elderly walk more stably.
3. Use Assist Tool
Nowadays, there are many kinds of assist tools for walking on the market, and only choosing the right walker can bring the greatest convenience for the elderly. The elderly should try to use auxiliary walking tools to walk independently, enhance physical strength, and reduce the dependence on nursing care to a certain extent. Therefore, it is very important to choose suitable walking aids. An upright walker is one of the most useful tools to prevent the elderly from falling when walking. An upright walker is suitable for people with legs dysfunction.
In a word, walking instability is not a simple sentence that can be summarized. Many types of diseases can be expressed as walking instability, from orthopedics to neurology to ENT, so it is necessary to find out the cause. Once the elderly have unstable walking, they must go to the hospital for treatment in time, not only to find the cause but also for early treatment. In addition, early treatment of unstable walking can prevent a series of accidents such as fractures caused by accidental falls. Choosing suitable assist tools for the elderly and lower the risk of falling and accidents.
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